What are the characteristics of the chronicle in the text

Widely used in everyday texts published by magazines, newspapers or blogs, the chronicle is part of simple and easy-to-understand writing. In addition, it makes the text closer to the reader. But, do you know what the chronicle is, what are its characteristics and its types? Do you know how to use it?

In this text we will present you a little more about this contextual genre. Keep reading!

What is a chronicle?

The chronicle is a type of text that deals with everyday events in a short narrative and is situated between journalism and literature. It is widely found in the media, such as magazines, newspapers and radio, and its objective is to make a critical analysis of everyday situations, allowing the reader to reflect on that topic.

By having a simpler text and by describing everyday events, the chronicle facilitates the reader’s approach, like a conversation between friends, making reading light and fun.

In general, the chronicles deal with common topics on issues that are on the ” mouth of the people “, presenting a criticism objectively, without many details and, many times, outside the textual patterns to which we are accustomed.

In short, the chronicle can be understood as a particular verbal portrait of urban events and, although it is not a rule, the chronicle reports differently about the events, whether in an artistic, critical or humorous way.

What are the characteristics of the chronicle?

As they deal with everyday and factual matters, the chronicle has a “short life.” This means that the topic on today’s agenda will not be the same tomorrow, an aspect similar to that of journalism, since both seek inspiration in everyday events.

In general, the chronicles present simple and spontaneous language, located between oral and written language. This contributes to the identification of the reader with the chronicler, who ends up becoming the voice of the reader. Look at the main characteristics of the chronicle:

  • These are short and easy to understand texts
  • It has a stripped down and simple language
  • Narrates everyday situations
  • Using few characters (sometimes none)
  • Critical nature of behaviors and situations
  • The use of critical, ironic and sarcastic humor
  • Follow a specific chronological framework

What is a chronicle useful for?

Because they have a journalistic nature and present texts that narrate and reflect daily life, chronicles serve to make a criticism with the intention of giving the reader a reflection on a certain topic.

Good chroniclers are those who can perceive, in their daily lives, impressions, ideas or visions of reality that were not perceived by everyone.

Types of chronicles

Descriptive chronicle

As its name indicates, the descriptive chronicle exposes in more detail the attributes of people, animals or objects. In general, it is a descriptive article about everyday situations with dynamic and connotative language, giving characteristics about the place and/or the characters that appear.

Narrative chronicle

The narrative chronicle presents elements of narration in its structure, which can be done in the 1st or 3rd person singular. In this case, the chronicle can be defined as a literary genre marked by the narration of everyday situations from an individual point of view.

In these chronicles there are no long reflective or argumentative passages. As the predominant typology is narrative, the text presents a plot with characters, time and space. Its main characteristics are humor, action and criticism.

Argumentative chronicle

The explicit presentation of the author’s opinion on a specific everyday topic is the main characteristic of this type of chronicle, which can be written in the 1st person singular or in the 3rd person plural.

Narrative and descriptive chronicle

It presents narrative and descriptive characteristics interspersed throughout the text, with events portrayed in a temporal sequence.

Humorous chronicle

The humorous chronicle uses irony, humor and sarcasm to discuss issues that affect society, such as politics and the economy. The use of irony, unusual comparisons or the use of comic themes are some of the techniques that chroniclers use.

To achieve this degree of comedy, each chronicler adopts a particular style: there are those who use irony to mark their language, there are others who approach comical topics by nature, or even chroniclers who construct funny speeches through unusual associations. The more original and creative the chronicle, the better it will be.

lyrical chronicle

The lyrical chronicle presents poetic and metaphorical language that shows emotions such as nostalgia, longing and passion. In other words, the written text must express sentimentality.

poetic chronicle

We can say that the poetic chronicle flirts with the literary, because it presents poetic verses in the form of a chronicle, expressing feelings and reactions to a specific topic.

journalistic chronicle

This type of chronicle mixes narrative and argumentative textual typologies, presenting news or facts based on everyday life.

Thus, the journalistic chronicle can be characterized as a genre that mixes narrative fragments, in general, small daily events are told to present a reflection on them, and longer passages of reflection and argumentation on the narrated event.

It is expected that the topic of the journalistic chronicle is of interest to a social group and not only to the chronicler. Normally, the main events of the previous day or week are the topics that are written in the newspaper chronicles.

Historical chronicle

The historical chronicle is based on historical facts or events, with defined characters, time and space and with light and colloquial language.

essayist chronicle

Here the chronicler harshly criticizes the institutions of power and social relations in an ironic and sarcastic way.

philosophical chronicle

The philosophical chronicle reflects on a fact or event.