Conservation Biology: Definition and Goals as a Scientific Discipline


Conservation biology is a scientific discipline that focuses on understanding and preserving the Earth’s biodiversity and ecosystems. It encompasses various fields, including ecology, genetics, wildlife management, and policy-making. Conservation biologists work towards the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources to ensure the long-term survival of species and the protection of ecosystems. In this article, we will explore the definition of conservation biology and delve into its goals as a scientific discipline.

Definition of Conservation Biology

Conservation biology is the scientific study of the Earth’s biodiversity and the processes that affect it. It aims to understand the threats to biodiversity, develop strategies for its conservation, and promote sustainable practices to ensure the long-term survival of species and ecosystems. Conservation biology combines elements of ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and social sciences to address the complex challenges of biodiversity loss and environmental degradation.

Goals of Conservation Biology

  • 1. Understanding Biodiversity: Conservation biology seeks to understand the diversity of life on Earth, including the distribution, abundance, and ecological roles of species. By studying biodiversity, conservation biologists can identify areas of high conservation value and prioritize conservation efforts.
  • 2. Conserving Endangered Species: One of the primary goals of conservation biology is to prevent the extinction of endangered species. Conservation biologists work to identify the factors threatening species survival, develop strategies for their protection, and implement conservation measures to restore their populations.
  • 3. Preserving Ecosystems: Conservation biology recognizes the importance of ecosystems as interconnected networks of species and their environment. Preserving ecosystems is crucial for maintaining biodiversity, as they provide essential services such as clean water, air purification, and climate regulation. Conservation biologists aim to protect and restore ecosystems to ensure their long-term health and functioning.
  • 4. Managing Threats to Biodiversity: Conservation biology aims to identify and mitigate the various threats to biodiversity, including habitat loss, pollution, climate change, invasive species, and overexploitation. By understanding the causes and impacts of these threats, conservation biologists can develop strategies to minimize their effects and promote sustainable practices.
  • 5. Engaging in Conservation Policy and Advocacy: Conservation biology plays a vital role in shaping conservation policies and advocating for the protection of biodiversity. Conservation biologists provide scientific expertise and evidence-based recommendations to policymakers, NGOs, and the public, influencing decision-making processes and promoting sustainable practices.
  • 6. Promoting Education and Awareness: Conservation biology aims to raise public awareness about the importance of biodiversity and the need for its conservation. By promoting education and outreach programs, conservation biologists strive to inspire individuals to take action and make informed choices that contribute to the preservation of biodiversity.


Conservation biology is a scientific discipline dedicated to understanding and preserving the Earth’s biodiversity and ecosystems. Its goals include understanding biodiversity, conserving endangered species, preserving ecosystems, managing threats to biodiversity, engaging in conservation policy and advocacy, and promoting education and awareness. By addressing these goals, conservation biology plays a crucial role in ensuring the long-term survival of species and the protection of our natural world.

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