Governments and heads of government in the European Union

In Europe, 27 countries are still members of the European Union in 2020. Which countries are these and who governs them? After every election there may be a changing of the guard. Who is the head of state (monarch or president) or head of government in those countries? Is the euro also used as the national currency in all those countries?

European Union heads of government in 2020

The heads of government of the countries that are members of the European Union meet regularly to discuss common problems, devise solutions and chart the EU’s course for the coming years. When financial themes are on the agenda, in addition to the heads of government, their ministers of finance also meet.

Eurozone

We call the group of countries where the Euro is used as the currency the Eurozone . In principle, all countries that are part of the Eurozone are also members of the European Union. There are some minor exceptions, such as the Vatican or San Marina, which use the euro as their national currency, but are not members of the Union. Which names belong to Europe’s decision makers? Below you will find a list of all countries that have joined the European Union and the Eurozone in 2020, and who the head of state and government of the countries in question are. The list was updated in May 2020.

Not quite comparable

The position of head of state is not comparable in all countries. In Sweden, for example, the head of state is the current monarch, but this mainly has a ceremonial function, while in the Netherlands or Belgium the queen or king officially ratifies the adopted laws. In Germany, the president has a mainly ceremonial function, while the French president is emphatically on the political stage. In some countries no distinction is made between head of state and head of government, the president of the country in question fulfills both roles in one. The title of the head of state is usually Prime Minister or Prime Minister , or a translation of that term into the national language.

Countries that are members of the European Union and part of the Eurozone

Country

Capital

Form of government

Head of State

Head of government

The Netherlands

Amsterdam

Constitutional monarchy

King Willem Alexander

Mark Rutte

Belgium

Brussels

Constitutional monarchy (federation)

King Filip

Sophie Wilmès

Germany

Berlin

Parliamentary Republic (confederation state)

President Frank-Walter Steinmeier

Chancellor Angela Merkel

France

Paris

Republic

President Emmanuel Macron

Eduourd Philippe

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Parliamentary monarchy

Archduke Henry

Xavier Bettel

Spain

Madrid

Constitutional monarchy

Felipe VI

Pedro Sanchez

Portugal

Lisbon

Republic

President Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa

Antonio Costa

Austria

Vienna

Federal Republic

President Alexander Van der Bellen no

Sebastian Kurz

Greece

Athens

Republic

President Prokopis Pavlopoulos

Kyriakos Mitsotakis

Italy

Rome

Republic

President Sergio Mattarella

Guiseppe Conte

Finland

Helsinki

Republic

President Sauli Niinistö

Sanna Marin

Ireland

Dublin

Parliamentary Republic

President Michael D. Higgins

Leo Varadkar

Estonia

Tallinn

Republic

President Kersti Kaljulaid

Jüri Ratas

Latvia

Riga

Republic

President Raimonds Vejon

Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš

Lithuania

Vilnius

Republic

President Dalia Gryubauskaite

Saulius Skvernelis

Cyprus

Nicosia

Republic

President Nicos Anastasiades

President Nicos Anastasiades

Malta

Valletta

Republic

President Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca

Joseph Muscat

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Republic

President Borut Pahor

Marjan Šarec

Slovakia

Bratislava

Republic

President Andrej Kiska

Peter Pellegrini

 

Countries that are members of the European Union, but not part of the Eurozone

On June 23, 2016, the people of the United Kingdom expressed their wish to leave the European Union in a referendum, the so-called Brexit. On January 31, 2020, the exit became a fact.

Country

Capital

Form of government

Head of State

Head of government

Mint

Sweden

Stockholm

Constitutional monarchy

King Charles XVI Gustavus of Sweden

Stefan Löfven

Swedish crown

Denmark

Copenhagen

Constitutional monarchy

Queen Margarethe II

Mette Frederiksen

Danish crown

Czech Republic

Prague

Republic

President Miloš Zeman

Andrei Babis

Koruna

Bulgaria

Sofia

Parliamentary republic

President Rumen Radev

Boyko Borisov

Lev

Hungary

Budapest

Republic

President János Áder

Viktor Orban

Forint

Romania

Bucharest

Republic

President Klaus Iohannis

Vasilica Viorica Dăncilă

Romanian Leu

Poland

Warsaw

Republic

President Andrzej Duda

Mateusz Jakub Morawiecki

Zloty

Croatia

Zagreb

Republic

President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović

Andrej Plenkovic

Kuna

The list was last updated on May 20, 2020