Luxembourg City: Transport, sights and activities

Luxembourg City has something for everyone. In the old town you can wander through countless small streets and enjoy panoramic views while gaining impressions of buildings hundreds of years old. In the newer part of the city you will find a variety of numerous museums, modern shops and eateries. Despite the fact that the city only has an area of over 51 square kilometers (more than four times smaller than Amsterdam), the distances between sights should not be underestimated. The height differences of several tens of meters between the parts of the city make the walk more intensive and longer than expected. When you visit Luxembourg City, take your pick from the wide choice of sights and consider using the very cheap public transport.

Table of contents

  • Luxembourg City
  • Transport
  • Sights
  • Discovers the city
  • A day out

Source: Werneuchen 08:50, April 5, 2008 (UTC), Wikimedia Commons (Public domain)

Luxembourg City

Luxembourg City, the capital of the small country of the same name with more than half a million inhabitants (2016), was founded around 963. In that year, Count Siegfried built a castle surrounded by a defensive wall that has been expanded over the centuries to become the city of Today. The city is known as Gibraltar of the North, because its defensive wall is one of the strongest in Europe.


It is recommended to explore the city by bus and not on foot. The first reason is because the city is built at different height levels. Steep roads, stairs and even underground elevators have been built to allow pedestrians to reach the low-lying and higher parts of the city. This can be very confusing for visitors unfamiliar with the city. The steep roads and stairs that you will undoubtedly encounter are unsuitable for people with mobility problems. In addition, most sights are not or rarely indicated on signs. If you want to explore the city on foot, get a city map from the tourist office on Place Guillaume II.


The buses in the city run back and forth and there are more than 80 bus stops. The local population uses this service en masse, as traveling by bus is very economical. In Luxembourg City (and in smaller towns and villages) you can buy a bus ticket on the bus. In the larger villages, such as Echternach, you must buy a ticket at the ticket counter at the bus station. There are (as of 2017) two types of bus tickets: a €2 card and a €4 card*. With a bus card of €2 you can travel for two hours and with a bus card of €4 you can travel for 24 hours throughout the country.


There are uncovered bicycle sheds with blue Veloh bicycles at 75 locations in the city. The bicycle sheds are approximately 400 meters apart and are located at tactical locations, such as near Central Station and sights. You can rent and return a bicycle at each location seven days a week, 24 hours a day. The bicycles are equipped with three gears and have a basket at the front for hand luggage. A bicycle can only be rented via the machines at the bicycle sheds with a bank card. The costs are €1 per hour, of which the first thirty minutes of the ride are free.

Travel cheaply with the Luxembourg Card

With the Luxembourg Card you can use trains and buses throughout the country for free. On the train, the card is only valid in second class and not valid from a border point. The card gives you free access to 76 attractions and discounts at eighteen attractions in the country. In Luxembourg City, you do not have to pay an entrance fee at all museums and the Bock casemates upon presentation of your card. You get a discount on the Hop-On-Hop-Off, Pétrusse Express and Segway Tour. There are three variants of the card, all of which are available at the tourist office. The one-day card is valid on one day and costs €13 per person. People over 60 receive a 10% discount when purchasing a one-day ticket. The two-day card can be used for two days and costs €20 per person. The three-day card is valid for three days and costs €28 per person.
Source: Cayambe, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-3.0)


Special buildings

Gëlle Fra
The Golden Lady memorial was placed in 1923 in honor of the Luxembourgers who died during the First World War. The 21-meter-high obelisk contains a gilded bronze statue of Nike, the goddess of victory. The gold statue was taken during the Second World War. Since 1985, the renovated monument can be viewed in all its glory again. This location also offers you a beautiful view of the old city below.
Price: N/ANearest bus stop: Place de la Constitution
Bock Casemates
The Casemates are a vast underground network carved into the Bock Rock in 1745. The casemates have been cut to a depth of forty meters and are a total of 23 kilometers long. The soldiers could shoot at the enemy from openings in the rock. The casemates are so large that not only hundreds of soldiers were housed, but also their horses. During your visit to the Bock casemates, you will pass several rooms, such as bakeries and workshops, and a well. The Bock casemates are open seven days a week between 10 a.m. and 8:30 p.m. and closed from November 6, 2017 to February 28, 2018. Price: €6.00 Nearest bus stop
: Um Bock
Cathédrale Notre-Dame
The Luxembourg Cathedral is by the Jesuits built between 1613 and 1621. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the interior of the cathedral was modified: columns were decorated with arabesques and stained glass windows were installed. Some of the deceased members of the Grand Ducal family found their final resting place here. Today the building houses the national library and it is open daily between 10am and 12pm and between 2pm and 5.30pm.
Price: FreeNearest bus stop: Place de la Constitution
Grand Ducal Palace
The palace from 1574 was first used as a town hall and after its renovation in 1890 as a residence of the grand ducal family. During the Second World War, the palace was used by the Nazis as a concert hall and pub. The palace can be visited daily from July to September (except Wednesdays) between 10:00 AM and 11:45 AM and 2:00 PM and 5:45 PM. The building is located on the Rue du Marché-aux-Herbes, as are the cathedral and the Golden Lady.
Price: 12,-Nearest bus stop: Place Guillaume II


Musée d’Histoire de la Ville de Luxembourg
The museum of the history of the city of Luxembourg is located in four historic buildings. The development of the city over the last hundred years is exhibited using scale models. In addition, temporary exhibitions take place regularly. The museum is open daily (except Mondays) from 10am to 6pm and on Thursdays until 8pm.
Price: 5,-Nearest bus stop: Um Bock
Musée national d’histoire et d’art
The national museum of history and art preserves treasures from Prehistory to art from the 20th century. The museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday from 10am to 6pm and (on Thursdays until 8pm).
Price: €7.00 Nearest bus stop: Um Bock
Musée Dräi Eechelen
The building of the Dräi Eechelen Museum is itself a historic building from 1837. The collection consists of various objects and artefacts from the Middle Ages and the Modern Era. The doors are open from Thursday to Monday from 10am to 6pm and on Wednesday from 5pm to 8pm.
Price: 5,-Nearest bus stop: Philharmonie / Mudam
Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean (Mudam)
The museum of modern art has a wide and variable collection of contemporary art. Topics such as photography, fashion, architecture and multimedia are discussed. The museum is open from Saturday to Monday from 11am to 6pm and from Wednesday to Friday from 11am to 8pm.
Price: 7,-Nearest bus stop: Philharmonie / Mudam
Villa Vauban – Musée d’Art de la Ville Luxembourg
Villa Vauban, the art museum of Luxembourg City, highlights European painting and sculpture by artists from the 17th to the 19th century. The museum has a separate department of Dutch paintings from the Golden Age. The museum is open daily (except Tuesdays) from 10am to 6pm and on Fridays until 9pm.
Price: €5 Nearest bus stop: Charlys Gare
Musée National d’Histoire Naturelle
The National Museum of Natural History has a broad collection that focuses on human evolution, geology and ecology, among other things. The museum is open daily (except Mondays) between 10am and 6pm.
Price: 4.50Nearest bus stop: Stadgronn-Bréck

Discovers the city

Petrusse Express

You can discover the oldest part of the city with the green colored train. During the one-hour tour you will be informed in Dutch about the buildings along the route. There is an opportunity to discover the oldest part of the city through a walking route, the so-called Wenzel walking route. This walking route leads past places where the train cannot reach. The train leaves Montée de Clausen every thirty minutes at the Place E. Hamilius bus stop. The train runs daily from March to October from 10am to 6pm.
Price: €7
Source: Johan Bakker, Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA-3.0) Wenzel Walk
The Wenzel walking route is a beautiful route along the historic center of Luxembourg. In addition to the panoramic views, you will pass a centuries-old castle bridge, several defense works and the Bock casemates. The marked route is 5.5 kilometers long and takes approximately three hours. You can get directions from the tourist office, which is also where the starting point of the route is. For a fee you can take a guided tour every Wednesday and Saturday at 3 p.m. The costs for this are €15. Price without guidance: Free


The green double-decker buses run through the newest part of the city via seven stops. The big advantage is that you can get in and out wherever you want. The buses drive past several museums, the Grand Ducal Palace and the Cathédrale Notre-Dame. Headphones with commentary in Dutch are included in the price. The buses depart daily from March to October between 9:40 AM and 5:20 PM. A bus leaves from Place de la Constitution every twenty minutes.
Price: 12,-

Segway Tour

An original way to explore the city is by Segway. Before the tour, you will receive twenty minutes of training from an instructor, after which the ten kilometer route (approximately seventy minutes) starts through the city. During the route you will pass Musée Dräi Eechelen and several parks. The route starts at the Cité Judiciare, near the St. Ulric bus stop.
Price: 45,-

A day out


Luxembourg castle
From Luxembourg you can use public transport to reach one of the most beautiful castles in the country in the town of Vianden. Vianden Castle, which belonged to the House of Nassau, was built on Roman foundations between the 11th and 14th centuries. It is considered one of the largest and most beautiful royal residences from the Romanesque and Gothic periods in Europe. The castle is accessible every day (with the exception of January 1, February 2, and December 25) from 10 a.m. for a fee of €7. The castle closes at 4:00 PM (January, February, November, December), 5:00 PM (March, October) or 6:00 PM (April-September).
The city has no direct connection to Vianden. From Central Station you must first travel by train to Ettelbruck and then transfer to bus line 570** towards Vianden. The train to Ettelbruck departs twice an hour, as does the bus line from Ettelbruck to Vianden (with the exception of Sundays when the bus runs once an hour). The outward journey takes more than an hour, including a fifteen-minute transfer time in Ettelbruck, and costs €5 (this is €3 for the train journey and €2 for the bus journey). You can return to Luxembourg via the same route and for the same price.
Source: Berthold Werner, Wikimedia Commons (Public domain) Trier
Roman city
The connections abroad are also good, making it easy to spend a day in a city across the border. Trier, a vibrant and originally Roman city, is definitely worth a visit. In this oldest city in Germany you can easily spend a whole day visiting various sights, such as the Porta Nigra or going shopping.
Trier can be reached by bus or train. Bus line 118 runs daily back and forth between Luxembourg City and Trier. From the Fondation Pescatore bus stop the line runs every hour to the Central Station in Trier. On Sundays the bus runs four times a day. The ride takes almost an hour and since you use a Luxembourgish bus company you can buy a day ticket (return) for only €4. Several train lines depart twice an hour from the Central Station in Luxembourg to the Central Station in Trier and vice versa. From Luxembourg City the journey takes almost an hour and a ticket costs €3. The return journey from Trier takes forty minutes and costs approximately €10.
* The prices and opening hours mentioned apply to 2017.
** The connections mentioned apply to 2017

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