What does the city of Jakarta have to offer?

Jakarta is a big, busy and chaotic city. Many tourists describe the city of Jakarta as a big anthill. You will undoubtedly be amazed. Honking taxis from all sides, all kinds of cultures around you and not to forget the incredible heat that comes with it. Moreover, the city is a real metropolis with many different population groups from countries such as China, India, Australia and the Netherlands. Furthermore, this city also has a lot to offer in terms of history, culture and architecture.

Jakarta

Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and is located in the northwest of the island of Java. Java is known as the most densely populated island in the world and Jakarta is the perfect example of this. More than nine million people live in this city. Furthermore, the majority of the city is Muslim. This city is home to the largest mosque in all of Southeast Asia. The language spoken here is mainly Bahasa Indonesia. Problems that this city faces are flooding and air pollution. There are many floods, especially during the rainy season, due to inadequate drainage systems and soil subsidence. The air pollution is caused by the many traffic jams.

History

The Netherlands has a long history with the country Indonesia and also with the city of Jakarta. In 1602, the Netherlands founded the VOC, the United East India Company. Since Indonesia (also known as the Dutch East Indies in colonial times) was occupied by the Netherlands at the time, the VOC’s home base became Fort Batavia. In 1945, Indonesia became independent and the name Batavia changed to Jakarta, as it is still called today. Because of this Dutch history, there are still many monuments in Jakarta that relate to this time.

Sights

There are several sights in the city of Jakarta that are worth visiting. Most of these have to do with Jakarta’s history. By visiting these sights, many people get a better idea of what things were like during the Dutch occupation. Some sights in Jakarta are:

Medan Merdeka

Medan Merdeka is known as Independence Square and is the largest square in Jakarta, measuring no less than one square meter. In the center of the square stands the 137 meter high Monumen Nasional (National Monument). The Monumen Nasional is also called Monas and symbolizes Indonesia’s struggle for independence. At the top of the monument is a statue of a flame, made of 35 kilos of gold leaf. For both tourists and locals it is possible to go up in an elevator and admire the view of the city. The Istiqlal mosque is also located on the north side of this square. This is the largest mosque in all of Southeast Asia.

National Museum

This museum is located in a building from colonial times. Here you can learn everything about the history of Indonesia, from prehistory to the present. The history of the Netherlands is also discussed in detail and in this way you can see exactly what things were like under Dutch rule at the time.

Sunda Kelapa

Sunda Kelapa is an old port in Jakarta. Unloading the cargo from the sailing ships is still done here by hand. This is not the only thing worth seeing. The Maritime Museum, the VOC warehouses and the Pasar Ikan (fish market) are also worth a visit.

Taman Fatahillah

In colonial times, the administrative center of Batavia was located on this square. There are three museums on this square, all of which are located in colonial buildings. There is also a fountain in the middle of the square and an original old Portuguese cannon on the side. It is highly recommended to have a drink on the square at Café Batavia. This café has more than 300 photos on the walls and the café is decorated in the atmosphere of Batavia’s last period.

Travel to Jakarta

It is best to travel to Jakarta between May and September, because then it is the dry season. Between November and March is the rainy season and there are many heavy downpours. This may hinder you somewhat in making trips. The temperature is tropically warm all year round, on average 30 degrees. Don’t forget that there is a 6 hour time difference with Jakarta during winter time in the Netherlands and 5 hours during summer time.